APT: Prevent upgrading of particular packages
There are cases in which it is desirable to keep a certain package version, be it a forced downgrade or a custom build. Here I show several ways to achieve this.
The most simple possibility is to mark the package hold in the
dpkg status file
$ echo "PACKAGE_NAME hold" | dpkg set-selections
apt-mark as wrapper:
$ apt-mark hold PACKAGE_NAME
To undo this and return the selected package to
apt's default workflow, run
$ echo "PACKAGE_NAME installed" | dpkg set-selections
$ apt-mark unhold PACKAGE_NAME
This is a very static solution and
apt provides a much more flexible way of package handling, called pinning. It is configured in the file
/etc/apt/preferences resp. in an arbitrary file in the
Pinnig allows prioritization of package versions depending on factors like version number, repository or release name - wildcards and regular expressions are allowed. The most simple configuration for a single package, analog to the
dpkg way described above, would look like this:
### File: /etc/apt/preferences ### OR ### /etc/apt/preferences.d/SOMEFILE Package: PACKAGE_NAME Pin: version PACKAGE_VERSION Pin-Priority: 1001
See the manpage
apt_preferences(5) for a detailed description of all pinning possibilities.
Finally, for local builds it is possible to assign them a local version number, as I have described in this post, and pin, if necessary, based on that.